A Naik in the 51st Sikhs (Frontier Force) who was born in the village of Kang Sahbu in the district of Jalandhar, East Punjab. He was killed in action while fighting in the Mesopotamian Campaign, leaving behind a widow and son. His life has been researched by his great-grandson, Citizen Historian Jagdip Singh Kang.

What We Know

  • 1. Life Before The War

    Thakar Singh was born into the family of Sundar Singh in the village of Kang Sahbu. It is situated in the tehsil of Nakodar in the district of Jalandhar, East Punjab.

    As there was no school in the village he did not recieve a formal education.

    He married Basant Kaur (see image of her) and the couple had a son, Chanan Singh. Basant Kaur brought up her son under the guidance of her father-in-law, Sundar Singh.

    Thakar Singh joined the 51st Sikhs (Frontier Force) regiment as a Sepoy, while a brother, Battan Singh, joined the 26th Punjabis (also as a Sepoy).

    Another brother, Mayia, died in his youth.

  • 2. Life During The War

    At some point, Thakar Singh was promoted from a Sepoy to Naik.

    He was killed on 1 August 1916 in Mesopotamia but it is not known exactly how.

    The War Diaries of the 51st Sikhs are held at the National Archives, Kew. Here are some extracts concerning the Mesopotamian Campaign around the time of Thakar Singh's death:

    SANNAIYAT 26th July 1916
    A fairly lively reciprocal bombardment took place this morning lasting about ¾ hour. Our HE (High explosive)? again did some damage to enemy’s front line parapet. Enemy’s fire though hitting our front line parapet in places and being distributed also over 2nd and 3rd lines was ineffective.

    One day is very similar to another in the trenches and nothing abnormal occurred to 31st July. Our casualties were slight e.g. 1 killed, 8 wounded.

    29th July to 31st July 1916
    At 5.30pm a placard in Turkish, was erected by order, on our front parapet announcing to the enemy the fall of Erzinjan.

    The arrival of our new aeroplanes has been followed by increased aerial activity on our part.

    1st-3rd [August 1916,] SANNIYAT
    Enemy's sniping active - flag of truce went out on 2nd - german officer came out as Turkish representative - at night enemy's fired many 'very lights [?]'

    War Diary, WO 95/5140 51 Battalion Sikhs 1916 Jan.-1917 Dec

    Given the above, the most likely cause of Thakar Singh's death is sniping or artillery fire.

  • 3. Life After The War

    After Thakar Singh’s death, Basant Kaur used to commemorate his death anniversary by providing dinner to five Sikhs in the month of Assu (September/October). This was always a big day in the family.

    Thakar Singh’s son, Chanan Singh, was granted twenty five acres (muraba) of land in Montgomery District in West Punjab. Around 1924-25, Basant Kaur and her son, Chanan Singh, moved there with their extended family.

    After Partition in 1947, the whole family returned to the village of Kang Sahbu. They lived in the house that Thakar Singh had built (see image).

    Basant Kaur was awarded a pension of 11 rupees per month, which was considered to be good at that time. After she began to receive the pension, Basant Kaur came to be known by the name of ‘Milkhan’. She died in 1973.

    One of Chanan Singh's three sons, Sadhu Singh (father of Citizen Historian Jagdip Singh Kang - see images) remembered the following about his grandmother:

    My grandmother’s name was Basant Kaur but she was popularly known by the name of ‘Milkhan’.

    Every month she would go to Jalandhar to withdraw her pension. We kids eagerly awaited her return, because she would always bring some sweets.

    She usually felt sad on that day. She often used to say about that ‘Baba [grandfather] went to Basra but didn’t come back’.

    A long time ago, I was reminded of this after reading one particular line in the Guru Granth Sahib. It said (page 418): 'Their husbands did not return home – how did they pass their night?' I remembered my grandmother and felt so sad that I could not sleep that night.

    We use to call her 'Ma Ji'. She was a very brave, hard working and skilful lady. She would work all the time, doing household tasks, and feeding and milking the animals. Her hobbies were working the spinning wheel (charkha) and needlework. She was very skilful in weaving the mats (darris) and beds (charpaees).

    She regularly prayed using prayer beads (mala), in the early morning and at night time.

    In the mid-1970’s, I went to visit India and searched grandmother’s old wardrobe (sanduk), which was still in our house. I found one small quilt (gudalee) containing medals, buttons and a silver rupee. I told my mother that I want to have these. She willingly handed them to me and said to use the silver rupee coin as a gift at the engagement ceremony of my daughter, which I did in 1992. I handed the pair of medals over to my son [Jagdip] to find more information.

    Sadhu Singh, grandson of Thakar Singh


    Thakar Singh's family name is Kang.

    Thakar Singh is memorialsed as one of 275 'Other Indian Soldiers' of the 51st Sikhs (Frontier Force) on Panel 67 on the Basra memorial in modern-day Iraq (see image).

    It is believed that Thakar Singh was the first Sikh in the family as his forefathers did not use 'Singh' in their name. (For example, his father, Sundar Singh was mentioned in the land registry papers as ‘Sundar S/O [son of] Hameera’.)

    Thakar Singh’s son had three sons: Lashkar Singh, Sadhu Singh (see image) and Harbhajan Singh.

    Lashkar Singh worked on the farm (from land inherited from Thakar Singh), passing away in 2000.

    Sadhu Singh and Harbhajan Singh both moved to the west and settled in England and Canada.

    Thakar Singh's great grand-children are today settled in Australia, Canada, England and Singapore.


    There are no updates at present.


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